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Osteoarthritis of the Knee

What is Osteoarthritis of the knee?

- Osteoarthritis of the knee is one of the most common manifestations of OA.
  - Approximately 27 million people in the U.S. have OA
     - Every year, Americans spend ~$7.9 billion dollars on knee / hip replacements

Symptoms
Risk Factors
Causes
Treatment
Resources

Symptoms

- Especially in the knee, OA can cause:
  - Stiffness                 - Pain
  - "Locking up" of the knee

  - Grating / Catching of the joint during movement

Risk Factors

- Age - Gender
- Bone deformities - Joint injuries
- Obesity - Repetitive-stress jobs
- Diabetes - Underactive thyroid
- Gout - Paget's disease

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Causes

- The specific causes for OA are unknown
    - It's thought that OA is caused by both mechanical and molecular events in each joint that's affected

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Treatment

- Joint replacement surgery
- Cartilage
  - grafting surgery
- Exercise
- Weight loss
-Anti-inflammatory medications
- Glucosamine & Chondroitin
- Corticosteroid injections

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Resources

- While there are no support groups in the Kenosha or Gurnee areas, the Center for Disease Control has some really in-depth support material. In addition, the Arthritis Foundation has several online support groups as well as information regarding coping with arthritis

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* CIS does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The content is for informational purposes only. 

Source: Center for Disease Control