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What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a subset of Arthritis that is characterized by long-term, wide-spread pain. It can interfere with pain processing, and can disturb sleep, resulting in fatigue and mental distress.


Why Should You Care?
Risk Factors
Support Groups

Why Should You Care?

  - 2% of the U.S. population has Fibromyalgia

     - That's approximately 5 million people!

        - Predominantly found in females

           - female: male ratio of occurrence is 7:1

   - Most patients are diagnosed in middle age

   - Working age women who are hospitalized are 10x less likely to return to work

      - They are 4x less likely to return within 1 year

   - On average, patients lost 17 days of work, compared to 6 in people without fibromyalgia

      - Fibromyalgia negatively impacts health-related life quality 

         - Increases loss of work productivity



- There are no known causes for Fibromyalgia.


Risk Factors

- While it's not exactly known what increases risk, there are a few possible risk factors.

  - Physical trauma - Emotional trauma
  - Abnormal pain-response areas in brain - sleep disturbances
  - Infection  



  - Generalized deep aches - Shooting, burning pain
  - Joints aren't affected, even if it feels like it - Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  - Memory / Concentration problems - Numbness in hands and feet
  - Reduced exercise ability - tension / migraine headaches
  - Increased menstrual cramping - Fibro fog
  - Painful, tender areas in:  
     - Back of neck - Shoulders
     - Chest - Lower back
     - Hips - Elbows
     - Shins - Knees



While there are no known cures, there are a few strategies to manage Fibromyalgia.

  - Physical therapy - Exercise
  - Stress-relief - Anti-seizure drugs
  - Antidepressants - Muscle relaxant
  - Pain relievers - Sleeping aids
  - Cognitive - behavioral therapy - Support groups


* CIS does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The content is for informational purposes only. 


Support Groups

- For more information on support groups and materials, we recommend visiting the National Fibromyalgia Association.

Sources: 1. Center for Disease Control
             2. National Fibromyalgia Association